Generally, the lipase enzyme produced naturally by the body within normal levels. However, some people with certain conditions may suffer a lack of lipase that lead to serious illness.
Enzymes are proteins that speed up biochemical reactions of the body. While lipase itself is a digestive enzyme found in bacteria, plants, animals, and fungi. Lipase enzyme plays an important role in the digestion of food, as well as insulin, glucagon, and amylase.
An enzyme produced in the stomach, mouth, and pancreas, helps the body break down fat in food is absorbed by the intestine. Lipase enzyme is released into the digestive tract when humans eat. Additionally, this enzyme helps the movement of nutrients and waste products in the body cells. Therefore, the enzyme lipase deficiency can cause dangerous disease because the body does not get the nutrients it needs from food.
Here are some of the diseases caused by a lack of lipase:
inflammatory bowel disease, which is inflammation of the lining of the digestive tract, with symptoms of fatigue, weight loss, severe diarrhea, abdominal pain, to malnutrition.
the body of people with this hereditary disease that continues to produce thick sticky mucus that block the enzymes from reaching the intestines pancreas. Therefore, they often experience nutritional deficiencies that require enzyme supplements.
Celiac sufferers have to undergo a gluten-free diet for this wheat protein causes disturbances in the digestive tract, thus making them feel fatigue, abdominal pain, bloating, and weight loss. Lipase supplements help promote weight loss in children with celiac disease.
Lipase is naturally produced by the body and is not present in food, so that people with the above conditions require lipase supplements for food processing. Lipase supplements are usually in the form of capsules and tablets are generally prepared from the enzyme in animals and plants. Usually taken in conjunction with amylase and protease enzymes. In addition to addressing the above diseases, the supplement is commonly used to treat heartburn and indigestion. However, further research is needed to prove the effectiveness of this lipase supplements.
Although generally safe, but the consumption of lipase enzyme supplements can cause side effects such as diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and nausea.
Avoid giving lipase enzyme supplements to children under 12 years old without a doctor's supervision. Lipase enzyme supplements to pregnant women and nursing mothers are also advised to avoid or consulted a doctor first because the effect is still unknown. Meanwhile, the use of these enzymes in high doses need to be monitored because it can aggravate the symptoms of cystic fibrosis.
Normal lipase enzyme levels are generally below 140 units per liter (U / L). The test serum lipase can be used to measure levels of lipase in the body. This action is usually done if there is suspicion of certain diseases such as acute and chronic pancreatitis. Before undergoing the test, patients are expected to fast for eight hours and not taking birth control pills, morphine, and codeine because it can affect the test results. Also discuss with your doctor if you are going to conduct examination to determine lipase complete preparation to be done.