The bandage is known as a medical device supporting nursing used to dress wounds. Most people only know the form and function is simple. But you know, there are different types of bandages and their accompanying function? Anything? Let's consider the following review.
The bandages are included in the treatment protocol for the treatment of superficial wounds. Bandages have various functions depending on the type of injuries sustained. Based on the layers, the bandage is divided into three kinds. Primer layer helps in removing dead tissue and clean the wound. Secondary layer bandage serves to absorb the material from the wound, while the tertiary layer gauze bandage serves to hold another layer in order not to loose or move. Having improved wound healing and began to stage, occlusive bandages thought to help improve the recovery process. Some types of bandages are also specially designed to bind the wound closed, put pressure on the injury, and reduce the pressure on the injury.
In addition to choosing the type, size, and composition of bandages, knowing the technique of using a bandage on a wound is also very important. Due to the application of bandages that may result in tissue damage, and even the risk of amputation. Location of the injury or injuries can affect how and what the appropriate type of bandage to bind the wound. However, before using bandages, you are recommended to clean the wound or injury to avoid infection, as well as using sterile gauze pads to suppress bleeding if necessary.
There are some important things you should consider in the application of a bandage on the wound, ie make sure the size of a bandage in accordance with body parts or wound will be bandaged, paste bandages firmly but not too tight to keep the air circulation around the body part injured. Tie the end of the last bandage to tie the knot, and use clips to secure the bandage or adhesive bandage.
Bandage consists of three main types, namely roll bandages, tubular bandages and triangular bandage.
Roll bandage. Roll bandages are divided into three types, namely:
- The bandage is made of finely woven materials and porous, allowing air flow is very good, but did not give a great pressure on the wound and can not support the joints.
- Elastic bandages, gauze rolls that can conform to the shape of the body. Commonly used to close the wound and the supporting tissue injuries such as sprains. This bandage is flexible, but it can put pressure around the wound to reduce pain and swelling.
- Crepe bandages, this type is suitable to provide a strong bandage on injured joints.
Tubular bandages. The bandage of this type is a tubular bandage with a hole in the middle. Tubular bandage is used to hold the bandage on the fingers or toes and supporting the injured joints. The bandage is made of a soft fabric. For joints of the ankles, you can use tubular elastic bandage. While the tubular bandage of gauze pads can be used for fingers and toes. The bandage of this type does not give any pressure to stop the bleeding. Before placing the tubular bandage on the injured part, you can cut it to adjust the size of the injured body part. Some tubular bandage provided with a special device that is placed over the injured body part to help apply bandages.
Triangular bandages. Triangular bandage which can also be used as a sling to support specific body parts such as elbows and arms. These bandages may also help to maintain the position of gauze dressings. Application of triangular bandages could begin by asking the person to put their arms around his chest. You can begin to put a bandage under his arm and Wraps to the back of his neck. Place the other half of the bandages passed the arm, so that the top edge meets the other side of the shoulder bandage. Then, tie the knot forming. You can put the bandage is left to the arm or stick lying by pinning a safety pin or clamp.
To speed healing, wounds or injuries on the hands, knees, and other areas that may have become contaminated dirt, it must be covered with adhesive tape and sterile gauze pads. Change the bandage every day or when it is too wet and dirty, to keep the wound dry and clean. Wounds that can safely be left without a bandage is more likely to dry faster and recover more quickly. For wounds with wide area coverage, use occlusive or semi occlusive bandages to keep the wound moist and reduce scarring. And for the treatment of more severe injuries, you are advised to consult a doctor for treatment according to your wounds.