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Get To Know Troponin And Relation With Heart Attack

Troponin is a protein molecule that is released into the bloodstream when the heart muscle damaged by a heart attack or serious heart disease. Troponin examination is often performed to diagnose a heart attack or other conditions that can cause heart damage.


Proteins that are part of the heart muscle and skeletal muscle consists of troponin I, troponin T and troponin C. In a heart attack, there are blood clots that block blood flow and oxygen to the heart muscle. Without oxygen, the heart muscle cells die and release troponin into the blood stream. The more damage in the heart, the greater the amount of troponin T and I, which is in the blood



How Troponin Affect Heart Attacks?


In healthy people, levels of troponin in the blood is generally not detected because it was so low. If there is an increase, albeit only slightly, already showed some damage to the heart. And when the level of troponin in the blood of a person experiencing a large increase, most likely they are having a heart attack.


In people who have a heart attack, the levels of troponin in their blood usually rise within 6-12 hours. Troponin level was likely to remain high for 1-2 weeks after a heart attack occurs.


Whereas in patients with angina pectoris, troponin examination is usually performed when the more severe symptoms of chest pain, angina appeared in at rest, or if there is no improvement in symptoms after treatment. If found elevated levels of troponin on wind conditions, then it indicates there is a worsening heart condition and the person is at high risk of heart attack.


In addition to heart attacks, high levels of troponin in the blood can also occur in the following conditions:


  • The heart rate is very fast and is not normal.
  • Pulmonary hypertension, which is high blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs.
  • Pulmonary embolism, the blockage of the arteries of the lungs by a blood clot, fat, or tumor cells.
  • Congestive heart failure. Spasm of blood vessels of the heart.
  • Myocarditis, which is inflammation of the heart muscle, usually due to a virus.
  • Prolonged exercise (eg, marathon or triathlon).
  • Injuries hurt the heart, like a car accident.
  • Cardiomyopathy or heart muscle weakness.
  • Long-term kidney disease.
  • Post-cardiac medical procedures such as angioplasty, cardiac surgery, electric shock therapy to the heart, to the cardiac ablation.


If you, a friend or family you experience symptoms such as chest pain; chest tightness, squeezing, or repressed; pain radiating from the chest to the arm, jaw, neck, back, and abdomen; dizzy; hard to breathe; sweating; nausea; gag; cough; and wheezing, it is recommended to immediately go to the emergency room at the nearest hospital, because it was all a sign of a heart attack.


But if you do not want to experience things above, apply a healthy lifestyle to prevent heart disease from now. You can start by eating healthy foods and beverages, exercising, not smoking, always keeping blood pressure and blood sugar levels, stay away from bad cholesterol, controlling stress, and keep an eye on your weight.

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