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Limit Normal Blood Sugar For Adults

Knowing the normal range of blood sugar is very important especially if you are a diabetic. Whenever you are undergoing tests to determine your blood sugar levels, record the result along with the date and time the test was conducted. Take note also what you eat before you take the test, what drugs you may be taking at this time and how many doses and what sport you're tekuni today and how often / long you perform the exercise. Documenting these things properly will help health workers who deal with you in determining the appropriate therapy, or to see if you receive treatment being classified as effective or not.

Did you know that there are several kinds of normal range blood sugar depending on the time of blood draw? When will the blood sugar levels in our body are considered too high? Why is high blood sugar levels that are harmful to your health? This article was written to answer these questions.

Limit Normal Blood Sugar Before You Go

Blood sugar or glucose is produced from the intake of foods containing carbohydrates, which are the main source of energy needed by the body. To help the body use glucose, there is a hormone called insulin. Insulin produced by the pancreas and is released into the bloodstream when glucose levels in the blood increase.

Normally, your blood sugar levels to increase after eating. Increased levels of blood sugar triggers the pancreas to produce insulin so that your blood sugar levels do not become too high. Blood sugar levels that are too high can damage the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and blood vessels. High blood sugar also can double a person's risk of heart disease and stroke.

Unfortunately, there is a condition in which the pancreas does not produce insulin in sufficient amounts. This condition is called diabetes type 1. There are also other conditions where the body can not use insulin effectively. This condition is called diabetes type 2. In the two conditions, blood sugar levels can increase to exceed the normal limits of blood sugar. Here are some kinds of limits of normal blood sugar are important to note

Fasting blood sugar

The fasting blood sugar means blood sampling is done after a person is not eating (fasting) for at least 8 hours. In a state of not eating (fasting) for at least 8 hours, ideally blood sugar is below the 100 mg / dL. This is the first test to be conducted to determine whether someone has prediabetes and diabetes. A person can be said to suffer from diabetes when in a state of fasting blood sugar was 126 mg / dL or more.

Before performing the fasting blood sugar, a person is not allowed to eat for at least 8 hours before the blood sample is taken. Liquids are allowed to drink even just plain water. If a person has been diagnosed with diabetes before the fasting blood sugar will come before the concerned individual to consume a morning dose of insulin.

Blood sugar 2 hour post prandial

The so-called blood sugar 2 hour post prandial blood sampling done is exactly 2 hours after a person starts eating. This is not a test for diagnosing diabetes. This test is done to see if someone who is diabetic has to get the right dose of insulin. Normally, after a meal blood sugar levels should not exceed 180 mg / dL. If a person's blood sugar levels exceed the normal limits of the blood sugar, one must consult further.

Blood sugar levels at 2 hours post prandial examination also varies depending on age. In people under the age of 50 years, the results of blood sugar 2 hour post prandial should not exceed 140 mg / dL. In the elderly aged between 50-60 years, the results of blood sugar 2 hour post prandial should not exceed 150 mg / dL. Meanwhile, over 60 years old should not exceed 160 mg / dL.

When blood sugar

Blood sugar checks do not care when the last time a person eats. This test is also important because in healthy people, fluctuations in blood sugar levels throughout the day will not be much different either before or after a meal. Before eating, normal blood sugar normal level is between 70-130 mg / dL. While at night, when measured then normal blood sugar levels are in the range of 100-140 mg / dL.

If the blood sugar tests when these blood sugar level should indicate numbers above 200 mg / dL and she was urinating more frequently, always feel thirsty, and his weight has increased or decreased significantly, further investigation is done usually is testing blood sugar fasting for diagnosis of diabetes.

Glucose tolerance test

In addition to the fasting blood sugar, glucose tolerance test is also used in the diagnosis of prediabetes or diabetes. In this test, a blood sample is done in two phases after a person consumes liquids containing sugar. This test is usually applied on pregnant women to determine whether the expectant mother having gestational diabetes (elevated blood sugar levels due to pregnancy).

This test is usually done a few times. The first test is generally done between 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. Pregnant women will be asked to drink 50 grams of sugar solution, and 1 hour later health worker will check their blood sugar levels. If the pregnant mother's blood sugar levels above 130 mg / dL, health workers will return to the examination of blood sugar levels. This time will be required pregnant women fasting blood sugar levels examination will be conducted every hour for the next 2 to 3 hours.

Before undergoing glucose tolerance test, a pregnant woman will be asked to consume certain diet for 3 days before the test. As well as the fasting blood sugar, pregnant women should also be fasting for 8 hours in advance earlier, should not smoke and should not do excessive physical activity.

So, how the normal range of blood sugar in pregnant women? If the first test showed blood sugar levels above 95 mg / dL, an hour later above 180 mg / dL, two hours later above 155 mg / dL, and three hours later the blood sugar level over 140 mg / dL, your doctor will states pregnant women suffer from gestational diabetes.

In addition to four kinds of checks blood sugar levels, there are also other ways to measure blood sugar levels, ie with or glikohemoglobin hemoglobin A1c, which measures how much glucose is attached to red blood cells. This test can be used to diagnose diabetes more accurately, although in Indonesia the implementation of this test still can not be applied evenly in all health facilities.

The purpose of the measurement of hemoglobin A1c more on monitoring aspects, which means that the test is done to see if someone manages to control her diabetes well in the last 2-3 months, as well as whether drugs are given to lower blood sugar levels in such individuals need to be replaced.

To keep glucose levels do not exceed the normal range of blood sugar, it is important to do three things: attention to diet (eating foods that contain complex sugars and limiting portion), regular exercise, and enrich themselves with things that are associated with diabetes. Drugs are the last pillar that will be given if 3 it did not show significant changes.

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