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Safe Food Choices for Diabetes

Proper diet is essential for people with diabetes mellitus or commonly referred to as diabetes community. But no less important is knowing diet or food choices that can counteract these conditions.


Diabetes mellitus is a disease that affects the performance of the body to utilize glucose or blood sugar. Glucose is essential for the body as an energy source for every cell such as the brain, heart and muscles. To utilize glucose, the body needs insulin. But in people with diabetes, the body can not produce insulin or the insulin does not function properly.



Types of Diabetes


If a person has diabetes, it means the body is not effective in burning blood sugar into energy so it is redundant in the blood. It can lead to serious health problems. There are two types of diabetes, namely:


  • Type 1 diabetes , the condition of the body does not produce insulin at all. It is estimated that only about 10 percent of cases of diabetes worldwide.

  • Type 2 diabetes , the condition of the body can not produce enough insulin to function properly. 90 percent of diabetics included in the group of type 2 diabetes.

  • Anything that includes Diabetes Friendly Food?


    It is important for diabetics to maintain a healthy diet that is rich in nutrients, low in fat and calories, with fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Diet was instrumental in the development of this disease and the effectiveness of treatment which the patient lived.


    For most patients with type 2 diabetes, weight reduction can also help control blood sugar and produces a variety of other health benefits.


    Here are foods that should be consumed


    • Complex carbohydrates. Try to focus on healthier sources of carbohydrates such as fruits, whole grains, legumes, and low-fat dairy products.
    • Reduce refined carbohydrates such as white bread and white rice, because it can increase blood sugar levels quickly.
    • Fish and lean meats. High content of protein in the meat does not affect blood sugar levels as well as carbohydrates.
    • When taken with a sufficient portion, fish fillets, skinless chicken breasts, and low-fat meat is a good option for people with diabetes.
    • Foods rich in fiber. Fiber can lower the risk of heart disease and help control blood sugar levels, such as vegetables, fruit, nuts, wheat flour, and rice husk.
    • Healthy fats and protein. Avoid red meat and meat from the process. A diet containing unsaturated fats can lower the risk of diabetes and heart disease.
    • Canola oil and olive oil is a fat source selection is excellent, as the fat in avocados, nuts, and seeds.
    • Cinnamon. This spice is said to have a similar effect to insulin and helps reduce blood sugar levels in diabetics. Researchers in Germany in a study concluded that cinnamon extracts appear to have a moderate effect in reducing blood sugar levels in diabetic patients. However, further research is still needed.


    Sugar Substitutes and Artificial Sweeteners


    Diabetics must choose the right foods, especially to do with sugar or sweet foods. The goal is to control blood sugar levels that are not soaring. If you want to eat sugar, you can consider the substance substitute for sugar or artificial sweeteners.


    In contrast to the natural sugars are carbohydrates, artificial sweeteners have been designed in the laboratory so that it contains no calories and does not make the blood sugar levels to rise.


    Some substances substitute for sugar or artificial sweetener that can be consumed by diabetics are:


    aspartame


    Can be added to hot or cold food, but if added to food of high temperature, aspartame becomes less sweet flavor. Although it can be consumed by people with diabetes, you still have to obey the rules of use. In addition, know for sure your condition, because aspartame is dangerous for people with genetic disorders such as phenylketonuria.


    Advantam


    These substances are usually found in cakes, fruit juices, syrups, food and soft drinks. Although safe for diabetics, but there should still limit your consumption of these sweeteners.


    Saccharin


    Saccharin can be added to hot and cold foods. This substance may be consumed by diabetics but avoid saccharin during pregnancy and lactation.


    Sukralos


    Usually found in processed foods. Can be consumed in cold or hot conditions.


    Acesulfam


    Just like sukralos, acesulfam commonly used in processed foods such as baked or cooked. It also can be used in hot and cold food.


    Controlling blood sugar levels for diabetics can be done by paying more attention to food intake and taking medication. You can still eat sweet foods with added artificial sweeteners, as long as it is not excessive. Konsutasi to the doctor for an appropriate diet for your condition, including the consumption of drugs needed.

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